Different Types of Gymnastics | List of Gymnastics in English

Different Types of Gymnastics | List of Gymnastics in English

What are the different types of gymnastics? Gymnastics is not only a sport but also an intensely creative endeavor, encompassing physical activities such as acrobatics, balance, and coordination. It comprises various disciplines that demand flexibility and strength to execute specific gymnastic maneuvers. Having been practiced for thousands of years, gymnastics has evolved through the introduction of new equipment and revolutionary advancements in the field, including the incorporation of rubber flooring.

Types of Gymnastics

Gymnastics is an athletic discipline involving the use of one’s body to execute a diverse range of exercises. These exercises can take place on specialized apparatus or on the floor. Gymnastics serves both as a form of exercise and as a competitive sport. As an exercise regimen, it aids in enhancing strength, flexibility, and coordination. In a competitive context, gymnastics serves as a platform to demonstrate these skills, as well as the athlete’s capacity to perform effectively under pressure.

Various Types of Gymnastics

Artistic Gymnastics

Artistic gymnastics involves a range of apparatus such as the balance beam, uneven bars, floor exercise, pommel horse, rings, and vault. It is the most prevalent form of gymnastics, demanding significant technical prowess, strength, flexibility, and coordination from athletes.

Rhythmic Gymnastics

Rhythmic gymnastics utilizes equipment like hoops, balls, ribbons, and ropes. Although less common than artistic gymnastics, it remains a popular sport. Athletes in rhythmic gymnastics must exhibit exceptional coordination and flexibility as they execute maneuvers with the apparatus.


Trampoline gymnastics, unlike other types, doesn’t involve any apparatus. It is a high-impact sport where athletes execute aerial maneuvers by jumping off a trampoline. Often used for both exercise and performance, trampolining emerged in the late 1940s in England.


Freestyle gymnastics, performed without apparatus, is a dynamic sport involving jumps, flips, and other aerial maneuvers. Typically conducted on the vaulting horse, athletes must display exceptional strength and agility in executing these complex movements.

Mixed Pair

The mixed-pair event necessitates athletes to collaborate, executing lifts, throws, and maneuvers, often performed on the floor, balance beam, or uneven bars. Success in this event relies on the athletes’ combined strength, coordination, and trust in their partners.

Facts about the Types of Gymnastics

  • Gymnastics traces its origins back to ancient Greece.
  • The sport was included in the first modern Olympics held in Athens, Greece, in 1896.
  • Gymnastics was officially introduced as a sport in the Summer Olympics in 1928.
  • There are three primary types of gymnastics: artistic, rhythmic, and trampoline.

List of Gymnastics

Popular Types of Gymnastics

  • Acrobatic
  • Apparatus
  • Balance
  • Bounce
  • Dismount
  • Gymnastics
  • Handstand
  • Landing
  • Pommel horse
  • Somersault
  • Springboard
  • Trampolining
  • Tumbling
  • Twisting


Gymnastics encompasses various types, each with its unique set of skills and techniques. When selecting a specific gymnastics discipline to pursue, it’s crucial to assess your personal goals and capabilities. Certain types of gymnastics prioritize athletic competition, while others emphasize creative expression and personal development. Ultimately, the most effective approach to determining the right gymnastics style for you is to experiment with different disciplines and identify the one that resonates most with your interests and preferences.

Types of Gymnastics | Image

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